As a result of the conference, are we any more enlightened as to how brain function influences human values than we were before? In a strange sense, I believe we are. The strangeness arises from the fact that many, if not most, of the speakers did not directly address the relationship between brain and values. At the same time, they brought intuitions to bear that can be tested by making them explicit -- and this has great value in science because it makes possible the asking of precise questions. As I indicated in my introductory statements, there seems to be some implicit understanding that memory and value are closely related; and if so, learning must also be integral to the process of valuation both in setting up the process and running it off. At another pole, values appear to be set by biological factors: drive stimuli and resulting emotional and motivational states as predispositions and dispositions to value one or another perception or action.