In The Autobiography of Malcolm X the charismatic black religious nationalist recalls his momentous 1964 pilgrimage to Mecca, a visit that would alter the course of his life and career.1 After twelve years in which this minister of the Nation of Islam trumpeted a doctrine of the intrinsic evil of whites, likened the dream of American equality to a "nightmare" for American blacks, and championed a plan to redeem black Americans by saving them from the tide of brainwashing that had drowned awareness of the black race's true superiority, X writes of an incident in Jedda, in which he is treated with great hospitality by a man who, in America, would be considered white: