Concepts of natural harmony, sacred places, emotional value, Five Elements and other symbolism may be found among the international concepts of sustainability and ecology. However, just like a host of renowned Chinese academics are hostile to feng shui, also prominent environmental NGOs are sceptical of the elusive concepts of Chinese natural philosophy as a source of inspiration, tending to draw instead on international models. Chinese urban and civil society is the arena for ideological renewal and exploration of a wealth of perspectives, including new interpretations of feng shui that draw as much from global currents as from the native tradition. For Chinese ecology to further evolve by means of such diverse inputs, it seems essential that the environment for especially exploratory ideologies with religious contents is relaxed. China's historical experience with popular uprisings and challenges to the throne-making use of religious emblems, clearly impacts regime tactics.