This chapter traces continuity in the repression both in the steady influence of Catholics and in the way Catholics blighted the lives of those from the defeated side both in state institutions and in everyday life. The chapter examines how through the programme Redemption through Work, Catholics forged a stable and enduring prison system which granted the Catholics Church a crucial political and social role. It explores the intellectual and political ideas that lay behind the reorganisation of the prison system carried out by the Francoist Ministry of Justice. The chapter looks, how through the 1940s and 1950s, via a variety of supervisory institutions, the Church continued to exercise social control over those on parole. Before the Civil War drew to a close, Francoists had devised a broad programme to convert and re-educate the defeated. In Spain and Portugal political enemies also become the joint enemies of the Church and the state.