The chapters in this book arose from papers presented at the conference ‘North versus South? Gender, Law and Economy in Early Modern and Modern Europe, fifteenth to nineteenth centuries’, held at the University of Rouen-Normandy, France, in November 2016, with the collaboration of the Groupe de Recherche d’Histoire (EA 3831) and the Institut Universitaire de France. This was the eighth conference of the European research network Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures. 1