While there is an emerging body of work which considers the EU institutions, European integration and specific policy areas from a feminist or gendered perspective, little work has to date been done which examines the Court of Justice of the European Union in this way. This chapter sets out the structure of the book and seeks to stimulate discussion and debate on the Court as seen through a gender lens and asks to what extent the Court’s key principles and processes are gendered and what the implications of that might be.