In the chapter, we map different critical appraisals of pathogenically oriented notions of health within sport and PE, to explore the diverse questions that have emerged within the context of this critique. Building on these foundations, we then re-imagine these questions in relation to the salutogenic re-orientation Antonovsky proposed, where he urged research to ask questions of the recourses people draw on to be healthy, rather than exclusively asking about how we can understand, cure or prevent illness. These salutogenic questions will be taken as a starting point to approach matters of health in relation to education, to HPE and to the lives of young people participating in formal schooling. A review of the recent state and national HPE curriculum reform in Australia will demonstrate current social change driven by a salutogenic philosophy, at least on the policy level.