In April 2012, the Dalai Lama used the example of the province of Quebec, which has so far held two referenda on sovereignty with the blessing of the Canadian Government, to illustrate how the People’s Republic of China could be pushed to recognise Tibet’s autonomy. 1 Although this reference to Quebec had a somewhat exceptional nature because it came directly from the Dalai Lama, it was not the first time that Quebec’s situation was mentioned in relation to Tibet or other societies seeking to emancipate themselves within, or outside, a larger ensemble. 2 But to what extent are such analogies with Quebec appropriate?