To what extent are patterns of leisure behaviour influenced by, or even determined by, a person’s work situation? In this chapter three research traditions which have addressed this issue are reviewed and their current relevance assessed. They are: first, the early work of Wilensky (1960) and Parker (1972, 1983) in devising typologies of work-leisure relationships; second, research on the relationships between leisure participation and occupationbased socio-economic groups; and third, the phenomenon of occupational communities. All three traditions largely faded from leisure studies during the 1980s and 1990s, squeezed out by more fashionable approaches and concerns, and often dismissed on the basis of incomplete or oversimplified representations of their essential nature. It is argued here that all three traditions provide a legitimate basis for current concerns in the study of leisure.