This chapter will look at how residents’ committees attempt to incorporate upmarket neighborhoods back to their regulatory framework of local governance. It helps to shed light on how local governments perceive the new challenges of managing neighborhoods of the richest as well as how neighborhood governance can be pushed forward in the context of increasing material affl uence. The chapter will focus on upmarket neighborhoods in Shanghai with data collected from social survey as well as qualitative interviews with the property management companies and resident committees as well as participatory observations conducted in upmarket neighborhoods by the authors in seven upmarket residential neighbourhoods (appendix 1). Unfortunately, residents’ perspectives are lacking owing to the diffi culties in reaching the rich residents in the case neighborhoods.