The purpose of this chapter is to give a short up-to-date account on adult learning in relation to learning in general and to children’s learning. Adult learning has been part of my focus for over forty years. My research and developmental work has been on what characterizes human learning, especially learning in youth and adulthood with a specific interest in less educated learners (e.g. Illeris 2004, 2006a, 2007, 2009).