In order to extend our current understanding of a situation, it is important to gather fresh ‘data’ to give us something new and precise to reflect on. But first the notion of ‘data’ within an action research project needs to be reconsidered. For example, since all participants must be considered as ‘co-researchers’, the creation of data

needs to be, in some sense, a collaborative process. And for action research even the way the project was initially formulated is itself already part of the ‘data’: it is not simply a defining framework which anticipates and ‘contains’ the whole process, but an ‘interesting document’ to be placed alongside subsequent interpretations as they develop, and to be subjected to critical review.