Damon, Menon, and Bronk (2003) noted the similarity in particular between Frankl’s approach to meaning and the general premises of positive psychology. Both hold that that higher human characteristics are neither produced by nor derived from more basic needs or drives: According to Frankl (1959), “Man’s search for meaning is a primary force in his life and not a ‘secondary rationalization’ of instinctual drives” (p. 121). Indeed, “the most basic assumption that positive psychology urges is that human goodness and excellence are as authentic as disease, disorder, and distress. Positive  psychologists are adamant that these topics are not secondary, derivative, illusory, epiphenomenal, or otherwise suspect (Peterson, 2006, p. 5).