The interaction of religious and national cultures has long been recognized in the humanities, anthropology, sociology, and political science (for reviews of theoretical perspectives, see Pals, 1996; Thrower, 1999). Recently, psychologists have also begun to investigate the ways in which religious and national cultures and the identities of their constituents may be related (Belzen, 2010; Belzen & Lewis, 2010; Johnson, Hill, & Cohen, 2011; Saroglou, 2003; Saroglou & Cohen, 2011; Tarakeshwar, Stanton, & Pargament, 2003).