In contrast with the defi cit approaches that have characterized much of psychology research and practice historically, positive psychology embraces a strengths-based approach to prevention and therapy, seeking to promote positive traits among individuals and the settings that support human development (Snyder & Lopez, 2002). Although somewhat distinct in emphasis, positive youth development shares with positive psychology an intention to promote optimal development so that individuals may thrive across school, work, family, community, and other settings. Positive youth development recognizes the strengths of young people and seeks to go beyond risk reduction and to enhance assets that enable full and productive participation in society (Catalano, Berglund, Ryan, Lonczak, & Hawkins, 2004).