German-Turkish relations, which have a long history and generally unrecognized depth, have rarely been examined as mutually formative processes. Isolated instances of influence, such as German involvement in the affairs of the Ottoman Empire during the latter’s last decades or Turkish workers’ migration to Germany and its consequent impact on both countries have been examined in detail, but the historical and still ongoing processes of mutual interaction have rarely been seriously considered. The ruling assumption has been that Germany may have an impact on Turkey, but not the other way around.