The City of Manila ceased to be the capital of the Republic of the Philip­ pines in 1948, when neighbouring Quezon City was made the official capital. However, ever since it was granted a royal charter by the Spanish Crown in 1571, Manila has continued to be the economic, political, cultural and educational centre of the country. Manila is the only provin­ cial level government in the Philippines which is 100 per cent urban. It has a population density of 307*25 persons per hectare, as compared to the next ranking Rizal province which has 845 and the national population density of only 0-97 persons per hectare. The city, however, has reached near saturation with a population of 1-5 million. Since 1960, its annual population growth has been less than 2 per cent, as compared to the national growth rate of 3-3 per cent per year.