Global climate change is one of the key common concerns of the international community. Since the industrial revolution, human activities, especially the massive consumption of energy and resources, have increased the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and caused a significant change of global climate, which is mainly manifested as global warming over the past 50 years. This climate change issue has resulted in discernible impacts on the natural ecological systems of the Earth and posed severe challenges to the survival and development of human society.1