One of the goals of the citizens of Brazil is the enjoyment of the highest attainable standards of health. The World Health Organization (WHO) contends that every human being, regardless of political belief, economic or social status, race, religion, or nation of origin, is entitled to the highest standard of health (Skolnik, 2008). The desire for the citizens of Brazil to attain good health has galvanized enormous progress in biomedical science and public health. The health policy measures taken by the government have truly changed the nation and have given longer life spans to millions of citizens around the country.