Drawing upon debates in international relations, this chapter begins by exploring what all of this means for the development of new hegemonic and counter-hegemonic forms of international criminal justice. It then revisits debates in the institutions of the United Nations on a particular aspect of human rights law. The complicity of private corporations for human rights violations in order to assess the prospects for the development of a counter-hegemonic practice in the international juridical field. The chapter identifies a chronology of moments in a long campaign for law reform that has ultimately reinforced US hegemony in the global system. From the period of the mid-late 1990s, UN policy on corporate human rights liabilities remained in a hiatus. The chapter provides an overview of the key cases that became widely known in this period, before exploring how the character of the debate changed in the UN.