The stability of all African governments has come under threat in the intervening period to the present. The complete breakdown of order, endemic warfare, autocratic and dictatorial regimes, corrupt governments: all have affected most of the countries in Africa at one time or another. South Africa was uniquely able to resist the forces of change on the continent for some forty years. The cost was great, however: the imposition of a separate development policy of ‘apartheid’ on the black population by the white Afrikaner government. Eventually, Dr H.F. Verwoerd’s grand, socially engineered design was to collapse with South Africa’s first multiracial elections in 1994, but today the legacy of apartheid remains in the stunted educational growth of a generation of

black Africans, who have the daunting task of responding to the needs of the ‘new’ country.