The rise of Homeric scholarship as an academic discipline coincides with the heyday of Hellenistic poetry. As Pfeiffer in his epoch-making History of Classical Scholarship has abundantly shown, 1 this is no pure accident but an essential relationship; in other words, the beginnings of philology as a discipline and the new aesthetics informing the poetry of the first half of the 3rd cent. B.C. are bound intimately together, and the quality of ποιητής άμα και κριτικός is characteristic of all Hellenistic poets of this period with very few exceptions (e.g. Herondas). 2