The thesis of this chapter is: The notions Community of Learners (Brown, Ellery, & Campione, chap. 14, this volume) and Learning Circles (Riel, chap. 15, this volume) capture a fundamental aspect of learning that has been missing from the current design of schooling. If we are to redesign schools so that they function more effectively, we need to understand what is missing from the current design and how best to incorporate the missing elements into a new design of schools. This chapter shows how the two chapters point the way to a ·fundamental redesign of schooling.