This chapter contextualises and then addresses the learning needs and practical experiences of overseas students in the UK university system, straddling the literature on educational policy and process. It begins by identifying some historical milestones in policy development, showing that from the time when overseas students arrived in UK universities privately funded, with no policies either to promote or restrict their doing so and no structured concern for their welfare, we have moved to a situation where their presence reflects the economic pressures experienced by individual universities and the system as a whole.