The aim of this chapter is to draw upon available empirical evidence in order to examine three issues which are central to the learning experience of overseas students. In the first place, why are they studying? Is there any degree of commonality in the objectives they are aiming to achieve through studying? If there is, this may have implications for higher education institutions in terms of the subjects and courses offered. Second, are there any significant features of the attitudes, values and motivation which overseas students bring to the lecture or tutorial room, an awareness of which might cause academic staff to modify their approach? Finally, in terms of relationships, what do they expect of their lecturers and tutors and what do we expect of them? How far apart are these expectations and what can we do about this?