Here is a picture of a society that one might suppose to be ideally just in its distributive practices: all members of the society are equally free to live in any way that they might choose, and institutions are arranged so that the equal freedom available to all is at the highest feasible level. What, if anything, is wrong with this picture? One might object to the insistence on equal freedom for all, and propose that freedom should instead be maximinned, or leximinned, or maximized, or distributed according to some alternative norm. In this essay I wish to set aside the choice of distributive norm. The question for this essay is whether freedom in any sense is the aspect of people’s condition that is the right basis of interpersonal comparison for a theory of distributive justice. I approach this question by analysing some rival conceptions of freedom.