Howard Gardner, one of the best-known thinkers in education in the United States at the turn of the millennium, did not seem destined to take up this role. In fact, he published six books and over 100 scholarly articles in cognitive development and neuropsychology prior to gaining much recognition from educators in the field of researchers outside the realm of arts education. His seventh book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (1983), was not a book that focused on education. In fact, it contained only two pages directly bearing on the application of his MI theory to educational practice. Yet, it is this book, now translated into more than a dozen languages, that has placed Gardner at the center of educational theory and practice in the United States and established for him a prominent role worldwide.