Since the end of the Cultural Revolution, China has carried out a range of socio-economic reform and a policy of increasingly opening the door to the outside world. In the next century it is anticipated that China will play a more active and important role in the international community and particularly the Asia-Pacific region. In the process of China’s modernisation, distance higher education has made a special contribution to both higher education and more generally to socio-economic development. This chapter provides a broad overview of China’s distance higher education and some major implications for Chinese society.