The main frame of reference for this chapter is recent work undertaken by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Between 1990 and 1993 most of the then twenty-four Member countries of the OECD provided country reports on the education of children with special needs and produced accounts of a total of sixtyfour studies of good practice relating to the teaching of these children in regular schools. All the countries concerned maintained integrationist policies with regard to children with special educational needs, and in about half of these countries fewer than 1 per cent of children were reported to be attending special schools. Practice, however, varied considerably from one country to another. Most of the material presented in this chapter is drawn from the two compilation reports arising from this project and published by the OECD (1995a).