CONNOTATIONS OF DEMOCRACY AND CIVIL SOCIETY This chapter seeks to examine the concepts of ‘democracy’ and ‘civil society’ and their application in Azerbaijan since its establishment as an independent state. It therefore behoves us first to clarify our basic concepts. We have to recognize that some confusion could still occur with respect to the implications of ‘democracy’ and ‘civil society’. In this essay democracy denotes a political system entailing both the practices of governance and the methods by which a regime attains legitimacy.