Nucleic acids are a group of biological macromolecules essential for life. In all living systems (barring viruses), two major types of nucleic acids are present—deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA is the primary carrier of information (in the form of genes) required for the proper functioning of the living system (a cell for example) and RNA functions to convert the information stored in DNA to proteins, although exceptions to these roles exist. Given the functional importance of nucleic acids in a cellular system, it has long been envisaged that they could be used as therapeutics for the treatment of a myriad of diseases including cancer.