Over the past two decades, incineration has been increasingly applied for treating municipal solid waste (MSW). The dominating purpose of burning MSW is to cut down the volume and mass of MSW, because of the in creasing difficulty of finding suitable sites for controlled and uncontrolled landfill waste disposal operations [1,2]. The capacity of incinerating MSW was about 16.4 Mt, up to 16% of all MSW in 2011 in China [3]. Recently, incineration has also been the most widespread adopted technology for the disposal of medical waste (MW) since the nationwide outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003 in China. Incinerating MW can not only neutralize its infectivity, which is the most hazardous MW property, but also sharply reduce its volume [4,5].