The Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004 was followed by what some of the media called “a golden wave of aid.” * In fact, never before was a disaster followed by such massive national and international private and public aid. Also, fishing communities in Tamil Nadu, India’s state most severely affected by the tsunami, benefited from enormous amounts of material and financial aid from the government as well as from nongovernmental organizations. Moreover, within the framework of housing reconstruction projects, many among them were relocated to new villages, at a “safe” distance from the sea. This chapter focuses on the impact of post-tsunami resettlement and livelihood restoration on traditional fishing methods in South India.