ABSTRACT

Over the past several decades, the frequency and magnitude of natural disasters have significantly increased, with global climate change aggravating this trend. Disasters are defined by the United Nations as “a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope with its own resources” (UNISDR 2009). Communities and their inability to recover on their own are thus at the core of the UNISDR’s definition, which inherently suggests that when a disaster occurs, external aid is urgently needed.