ABSTRACT

Tajikistan is a typical mountainous country. Mountains make up 93% of its territory. The highest mountain systems of Central Asia are the Tyan-Shan and the Pamir-Alai. The maximum elevation is 7495 masl. More than 60% of the territory of Tajikistan is located at or above 2500 masl. This region is mostly used as summer pastures. In the Pamir-Alai mountain system, it consists of Darvaz, Academy Sciences, Peter the First, Alai, Zaalai, Karategin, Hissar, Zerafshan, and Turkestan mountain ranges.