Arsenic contamination of groundwater from two Indian states (Bihar and Uttar Pradesh) has been reported during 2003–2004. Although several small scale studies documented the arsenic concentrations in groundwater, source of arsenic in groundwater, effect of arsenic-contaminated in food crops and the health effects due to the consumption of polluted water. Very little is known about the social approach on arsenic mitigation, which is crucial. This paper highlights the importance of social approach to arsenic mitigation.