In the last few decades, different health organizations have highlighted the growing importance of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) on population health. Noncommunicable diseases, also known as chronic diseases, are not transmitted from person to person, are not acute, and cannot be treated in a short period but generally evolve slowly and tend to remain lifelong. The four main NCDs are cardiovascular disease (including heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma), and diabetes.