This chapter will challenge accepted opinion on fetal screening and ask the reader to explore the wider, covert issues related to the production of human beings. Eugenics and politics will be discussed in attempting to highlight some of the reasons for the availability and eventual outcomes of screening. This chapter will consider the acceptance of tests on the fetus using the ideas mainly of Foucault and Parsons for sociological interpretation. An explanation of the social influences on the individual and the organisation will lead the reader to possibilities for the future. These theories are applied to practice.