This chapter focusses on sexual health promotion in primary care. It would seem appropriate to begin this chapter with a definition of sexual health.

Sexual health is an important part of physical and mental health. It is a key part of our identity as human beings together with the fundamental human rights to privacy, a family life and living free from discrimination. Essential elements of good sexual health are equitable relationships and sexual fulfilment with access to information and services to avoid the risk of unintended pregnancy, illness or disease. (National Strategy for Sexual Health and HIV 2001)