The North Australian Indigenous Land and Sea Management Alliance (NAILSMA) is a not-for-profit company that advances the sustainable use and management of northern Australian lands and waters based on Indigenous cultural, social, and economic imperatives. NAILSMA has been operating since 2001, representing Traditional Owners and Native Title Holders throughout the North. The authors of this chapter are and have been either the chair or CEO of NAILSMA since its inception. We share a collective Indigenous view that North Australia development should be based on a decolonized land tenure system with an associated economic use that is both compatible and inclusive of Indigenous rights, knowledge and practices.