Cadmium (Cd) has adverse health effects on human beings and plants (Ismael et al. 2019). Cadmium can inhibit growth and biomass, interfere with the homeostasis of zinc, iron, and calcium, and decrease photosynthesis and carbon assimilation (Shanying et al. 2017). Moreover, Cd from contaminated soil enters the food chain by plant uptake, thereby affecting human health. Therefore, it is very important to reduce the accumulation of Cd in edible parts of crops grown in Cd-contaminated soil.