ABSTRACT

Drug delivery systems are a valuable means of disease treatment and prevention in today’s medicine. Prior to the introduction of 728drug particle microencapsulation in the 1950s, drug delivery was based on rudimentary practices such as applying poultices or consuming herbal ingredients [1]. These methods, while moderately effective at the time, are inefficient and pose unnecessary health risks. However, progress in the understanding of pharmacokinetics has led to the development of sophisticated and novel methods for administering a variety of therapeutics throughout the body. Now, drug delivery methods allow for controllable drug-release and targeting to improve the safety and efficacy of treatment. To further enhance drug delivery, nanotechnology has begun to be implemented in the field. Specifically, the use of nanoparticles as carriers is an effective strategy to deploy medications to specifically targeted parts of the body [2, 3].