180Industrialization has widely contributed to the economic development of independent India. Industrialization has generated employment for the rural population, aiding urbanization. Though these changes have positively influenced the economy of the nation, they have had deleterious effects on the environment. Industries pollute the environment and the urban population produces large amounts of municipal waste. In order to protect the existing natural resources and to curb pollution, the Indian government has formulated various stringent legislatures, forcing industries to treat waste before disposal. It has formed a statutory body, Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), to monitor and control industries from polluting the environment (CPCB 2017). Municipalities have also set up sewage treatment plants and proper solid waste disposal to protect nearby water bodies. To comply with discharge standards prescribed by the CPCB, the industries have installed wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) with the main focus of reducing pollution with out considering the energy input required.