If an intercrop is to be grown with a long-term crop such as coconut, the second crop must fit into the management system of the permanent crop. For that reason, it is necessary to consider the management requirements for coconut, especially as they relate to multiple use of coconut groves or plantations, This chapter cannot be more than an overview of some factors of coconut management; for a more complete discussion, there are several books and bulletins on coconuts (Ferguson, 1907; Copeland, 1914; Munro and Brown, 1916; Patel, 1938; Eden, 1953; Menon and Pandalai, 1958; Child, 1964; Piggott, 1964; Migvar, 1965; Fremond, Ziller and de Lamothe, 1966; Lambert, 1970; Sandez Potes and Meno, 1972; Markose, 1973; Philippine Council for Agricultural Research, 1975; Anonymous, Undated). For discussions of other specific management practices in coconut, see Chapter 3 (cover crops, weed control, prevention of soil erosion, and fire); Chapter 4 (competition for water, nutrients); and Chapter 6 (tillage and the coconut root system).