The scarcity of feed grains is one of the major constraints limiting the expansion of livestock industries in developing countries, particularly those in the tropical region. However, within the tropics, there exists a wide spectrum of resources that could form a feed base for increasing livestock production. One ingredient with particular potential is the banana (Musa sapientum L.). Plantain (Musa paradisiaca L.), or cooking bananas, are also included in the present discussion because many countries do not differentiate between these two species in their statistics and the appearance, composition and feed value of these species are somewhat similar.