Chapter 1 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.


This book critically engages with dominant ideas of cultural homogeneity in the Nordic countries and contests the notion of homogeneity as a crucial determinant of social cohesion and societal security. Showing how national identities in the Nordic region have developed historically around notions of cultural and racial homogeneity, it exposes the varied histories of migration and the longstanding presence of ethnic minorities and indigenous people in the region that are ignored in dominant narratives. With attention to the implications of notions of homogeneity for the everyday lives of migrants and racialised minorities in the region, as well as the increasing securitisation of those perceived not to be part of the homogenous nation, this volume provides detailed analyses of how welfare state policies, media, and authorities seek to manage and govern cultural, religious, and racial differences. With studies of national minorities, indigenous people and migrants in the analysis of homogeneity and difference, it sheds light on the agency of minorities and the intertwining of securitisation policies with notions of culture, race, and religion in the government of difference. As such it will appeal to scholars and students in social sciences and humanities with interests in race and ethnicity, migration, postcolonialism, Nordic studies, multiculturalism, citizenship, and belonging.

chapter 1|17 pages

Narrations of homogeneity, waning welfare states, and the politics of solidarity

BySuvi Keskinen, Unnur Dís Skaptadóttir, Mari Toivanen
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part I|48 pages

Histories of homogeneity and difference

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chapter 3|15 pages

Myths of ethnic homogeneity

The Danish case
ByGarbi Schmidt
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chapter 4|17 pages

Finnish media representations of the Sámi in the 1960s and 1970s

ByNiina Siivikko
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part II|72 pages

Governing and negotiating differences

chapter 5|19 pages

Knowledge about Roma and Travellers in Nordic schools

Paradoxes, constraints, and possibilities 1
ByJenni Helakorpi
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chapter 6|15 pages

Problematising the urban periphery

Discourses on social exclusion and suburban youth in Sweden
ByMagnus Dahlstedt
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chapter 7|16 pages

Welfare chauvinism at the margins of whiteness

Young unemployed Russian-speakers’ negotiations of worker-citizenship in Finland 1
ByDaria Krivonos
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chapter 8|20 pages

Starry starry night

Fantasies of homogeneity in documentary films about Kvens and Norwegian-Pakistanis
ByPriscilla Ringrose, Elisabeth Stubberud
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part III|70 pages

Questioned homogeneity and securitisation

chapter 9|21 pages

From welfare to warfare

Exploring the militarisation of the Swedish suburb
BySuruchi Thapar-Björkert, Irene Molina, Karina Raña Villacura
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chapter 10|17 pages

“Living in fear”

Bulgarian and Romanian street workers’ experiences with aggressive public and private policing 1
ByMarkus Himanen
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chapter 11|16 pages

A ‘Muslim’ response to the narrative of the enemy within

BySharam Alghasi
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chapter 12|14 pages

Being unknown

The securitisation of asylum seekers in Iceland
ByHelga Katrin Tryggvadóttir
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