Periods of great social change reveal a tension between the need for continuity and the need for innovation. The twentieth century has witnessed both radical alteration and tenacious durability in social organization, politics, economics, and art. To comprehend these changes as history and as guideposts to the future, Peter F. Drucker has, over a lifetime, pursued a discipline that he terms social ecology. The writings brought together in The Ecological Vision define the discipline as a sustained inquiry into the man-made environment and an active effort at maintaining equilibrium between change and conservation.

The chapters in this volume range over a wide array of disciplines and subject matter. They are linked by a common concern with the interaction of the individual and society, and a common perspective that views economics, technology, politics, and art as dimensions of social experience and expressions of social value. Included here are profiles of such figures as Henry Ford, John C. Calhoun, Soren Kierkegaard, and Thomas Watson; analyses of the economics of Keynes and Schumpeter;and explorations of the social functions of business, management, information, and technology. Drucker's chapters on Japan examine the dynamics of cultural and economic change and afford striking comparisons with similar processes in the West.

In the concluding chapter, "Reflections of a Social Ecologist," Drucker traces the development of his discipline through such intellectual antecedents as Alexis de Tocqueville, Walter Bagehot, and Wilhelm von Humboldt. He illustrates the ecological vision, an active, practical, and moral approach to social questions. Peter Drucker summarizes a lifetime of work and exemplifies the communicative clarity that are requisites of all intellectual enterprises. His book will be of interest to economists, business people, foreign affairs specialists, and intellectual historians.

part One|72 pages

American Experiences

chapter |2 pages

Introduction to Part One

chapter 1|10 pages

The American Genius Is Political

chapter 2|18 pages

Calhoun's Pluralism

chapter 3|14 pages

Henry Ford: The Last Populist

chapter 4|12 pages

IBM's Watson: Vision for Tomorrow

chapter 5|14 pages

The Myth of American Uniformity

part Two|60 pages

Economics as a Social Dimension

chapter |4 pages

Introduction to Part Two

chapter 6|16 pages

The Economic Basis of American Politics

chapter 7|6 pages

The Poverty of Economic Theory

chapter 8|6 pages

The Delusion of Profits

chapter 9|12 pages

Schumpeter and Keynes

chapter 10|14 pages

Keynes: Economics as a Magical System

part Three|58 pages

The Social Function of Management

chapter |2 pages

Introduction to Part Three

chapter |16 pages

11 Management's Role

chapter 12|24 pages

Management: The Problems of Success

part Four|82 pages

Business as a Social Institution

chapter |2 pages

Introduction to Part Four

chapter 14|20 pages

Can There Be "Business Ethics"?

chapter 15|18 pages

The New Productivity Challenge

chapter 16|16 pages

The Emerging Theory of Manufacturing

chapter 17|24 pages

The Hostile Takeover and its Discontents

part Five|42 pages

Work, Tools, and Society

chapter |2 pages

Introduction to Part Five

chapter 18|10 pages

Work and Tools

chapter 19|12 pages

Technology, Science, and Culture

chapter 20|6 pages

India and Appropriate Technology

part Six|44 pages

The Information-Based Society

chapter |2 pages

Introduction to Part Six

chapter 23|5 pages

Information and the Riture of the City

chapter 24|14 pages

The Information-Based Organization

part Seven|64 pages

Japan as Society and Civilization

chapter |2 pages

Introduction to Part Seven

chapter 25|18 pages

A View of Japan through Japanese Art

chapter 26|16 pages

Japan: The Problems of Success

chapter 27|14 pages

Behind Japan's Success

chapter 28|6 pages

Misinterpreting Japan and the Japanese

chapter 29|6 pages

How Westernized Are the Japanese?

part Eight|18 pages

Why Society Is Not Enough

chapter |2 pages

Introduction to Part Eight

chapter 30|14 pages

The Unfashionable Kierkegaard