This book examines the societies of the civilised world - old and new - and its two distinct and separate classes. Whilst one class accumulates in utter idleness enormous and ever increasing revenues, the other, far more numerous, labours life-long for miserable wages.

One class lives without working, the other works without living or without a life worthwhile. When confronted by such a contrast, the question must at once occur to every mind: is this sad state of affairs the result of inherent necessity, inseparable from the organic conditions of human nature; or is it merely the outcome of certain historical tendencies that are destined to disappear at a later stage of social evolution?

It concludes that the truth is to be found in the latter alternative: that capitalistic property, with its caste division of humanity into capitalists and labourers, is by no means the product of conditions inherent in human nature, but simply the result of powerful historical causes which will eventually disappear. A variety of facts are presented in support of this argument.

chapter |9 pages


The Economic Constitution of Society

part I|59 pages

The Economic Foundations of Morality

chapter I|4 pages

The Morality of the Final Society

chapter II|26 pages

Morality in the Capitalistic Society

chapter IV|8 pages

Moral Crises

part II|44 pages

The Economic Foundations of the Law

chapter I|7 pages

The Economic Basis of Legal Sanctions

chapter II|7 pages

The Economic Basis of Legal Transformations

An Historical Demonstration

part III|265 pages

The Economic Foundations of Politics

chapter I|36 pages

Economic Revenue and Political Sovereignty

chapter II|53 pages

The Bipartition of Revenue and Sovereignty

chapter III|83 pages

Manifestations of Revenue and Sovereignty

chapter IV|38 pages

Revolutions of Revenue and Sovereignty

chapter V|28 pages

Property and Politics

chapter VI|25 pages

In Answer to Some Objections

chapter |6 pages


Economics the Basis of Sociology.