The purpose of this study is to analyse the relationship between social structure and economic performance in India and Pakistan. It seeks to establish whether the social system had a significant dysfunctional role in hindering growth in the past, and whether the situation has changed since independence. It analyses the extent to which governments in office really tried to change the social structure and the degree to which their rhetorical commitments were constrained by the inertia of tradition and by the vested interests which inherited economic and social power.

1. Introduction  2. The Moghul Economy and Society  3. The Economic and Social Impact of Colonial Rule  4. The Social Origins and Ideology of the Nationalist Movement  5. Reasons for the Acceleration of Economic Growth Since Independence  6. The Social Impact of India's 'Socialist Pattern'  7. The Social Impact of Pakistan's 'Functional Inequality'