A detailed account of the many uses and functions of these verbs. The nature of modality, and some controversial issues, are also discussed.

chapter 1|23 pages


chapter 2|26 pages

A basic framework

chapter 3|19 pages

Epistemic modality

chapter 4|14 pages

Deontic modality

chapter 5|30 pages

Dynamic possibility

chapter 6|20 pages

Dynamic necessity

chapter 7|35 pages

WILL, SHALL and futurity

chapter 8|20 pages


chapter 9|20 pages

Further issues